How can I print literal curly-brace characters in a string and also use .format on it? How can I print literal curly-brace characters in a string and also use .format on it? python python

How can I print literal curly-brace characters in a string and also use .format on it?


You need to double the {{ and }}:

>>> x = " {{ Hello }} {0} ">>> print(x.format(42))' { Hello } 42 '

Here's the relevant part of the Python documentation for format string syntax:

Format strings contain “replacement fields” surrounded by curly braces {}. Anything that is not contained in braces is considered literal text, which is copied unchanged to the output. If you need to include a brace character in the literal text, it can be escaped by doubling: {{ and }}.


Python 3.6+ (2017)

In the recent versions of Python one would use f-strings (see also PEP498).

With f-strings one should use double {{ or }}

n = 42  print(f" {{Hello}} {n} ")

produces the desired

 {Hello} 42

If you need to resolve an expression in the brackets instead of using literal text you'll need three sets of brackets:

hello = "HELLO"print(f"{{{hello.lower()}}}")

produces

{hello}


You escape it by doubling the braces.

Eg:

x = "{{ Hello }} {0}"print(x.format(42))


matomo