How to break a line of chained methods in Python? How to break a line of chained methods in Python? python python

How to break a line of chained methods in Python?


You could use additional parentheses:

subkeyword = (    Session.query(Subkeyword.subkeyword_id, Subkeyword.subkeyword_word)    .filter_by(subkeyword_company_id=self.e_company_id)    .filter_by(subkeyword_word=subkeyword_word)    .filter_by(subkeyword_active=True)    .one())


This is a case where a line continuation character is preferred to open parentheses. The need for this style becomes more obvious as method names get longer and as methods start taking arguments:

subkeyword = Session.query(Subkeyword.subkeyword_id, Subkeyword.subkeyword_word) \                    .filter_by(subkeyword_company_id=self.e_company_id)          \                    .filter_by(subkeyword_word=subkeyword_word)                  \                    .filter_by(subkeyword_active=True)                           \                    .one()

PEP 8 is intend to be interpreted with a measure of common-sense and an eye for both the practical and the beautiful. Happily violate any PEP 8 guideline that results in ugly or hard to read code.

That being said, if you frequently find yourself at odds with PEP 8, it may be a sign that there are readability issues that transcend your choice of whitespace :-)


My personal choice would be:

subkeyword = Session.query(    Subkeyword.subkeyword_id,    Subkeyword.subkeyword_word,).filter_by(    subkeyword_company_id=self.e_company_id,    subkeyword_word=subkeyword_word,    subkeyword_active=True,).one()


matomo