How to initialize a two-dimensional array in Python? How to initialize a two-dimensional array in Python? python python

How to initialize a two-dimensional array in Python?


A pattern that often came up in Python was

bar = []for item in some_iterable:    bar.append(SOME EXPRESSION)

which helped motivate the introduction of list comprehensions, which convert that snippet to

bar = [SOME EXPRESSION for item in some_iterable]

which is shorter and sometimes clearer. Usually you get in the habit of recognizing these and often replacing loops with comprehensions.

Your code follows this pattern twice

twod_list = []                                       \                      for i in range (0, 10):                               \    new = []                  \ can be replaced        } this too    for j in range (0, 10):    } with a list          /        new.append(foo)       / comprehension        /    twod_list.append(new)                           /


Don't use [[v]*n]*n, it is a trap!

>>> a = [[0]*3]*3>>> a[[0, 0, 0], [0, 0, 0], [0, 0, 0]]>>> a[0][0]=1>>> a[[1, 0, 0], [1, 0, 0], [1, 0, 0]]

but

    t = [ [0]*3 for i in range(3)]

works great.


You can use a list comprehension:

x = [[foo for i in range(10)] for j in range(10)]# x is now a 10x10 array of 'foo' (which can depend on i and j if you want)


matomo