MySQL order by primary key MySQL order by primary key sql sql

MySQL order by primary key

MySQL generally pulls data out by insertion order which would be by primary key, but that aside you technically can do the same thing if you pull out the primary key column name and put it in an order by

SELECT whatever FROM tableORDER BY(   SELECT `COLUMN_NAME`    FROM `information_schema`.`COLUMNS`    WHERE (`TABLE_SCHEMA` = 'dbName')      AND (`TABLE_NAME` = 'tableName')      AND (`COLUMN_KEY` = 'PRI'));

For composite keys you can use this

SELECT whatever FROM tableORDER BY(   SELECT GROUP_CONCAT(`COLUMN_NAME` SEPARATOR ', ')    FROM `information_schema`.`COLUMNS`    WHERE (`TABLE_SCHEMA` = 'dbName')      AND (`TABLE_NAME` = 'tableName')      AND (`COLUMN_KEY` = 'PRI'));

Permission for information schema access from the DOCS

Each MySQL user has the right to access these tables, but can see only the rows in the tables that correspond to objects for which the user has the proper access privileges. In some cases (for example, the ROUTINE_DEFINITION column in the INFORMATION_SCHEMA.ROUTINES table), users who have insufficient privileges see NULL. These restrictions do not apply for InnoDB tables; you can see them with only the PROCESS privilege.

The same privileges apply to selecting information from INFORMATION_SCHEMA and viewing the same information through SHOW statements. In either case, you must have some privilege on an object to see information about it.


CREATE TABLE some_stuff (    firstID INT,    secondID INT,    username varchar(55),    PRIMARY KEY (firstID, secondID)) ;




+--------------------------------------------+| GROUP_CONCAT(`COLUMN_NAME` SEPARATOR ', ') |+--------------------------------------------+|              firstID, secondID             |+--------------------------------------------+

This is too long for a comment.

SAP does, indeed do this ( SQL Server is also based on Sybase, and I don't think Sybase supported this functionality. There are many limitations on the syntax.

On a query on one table with a primary key, no explicit order by, and no where conditions, MySQL will generally return the results in primary key order. You cannot depend on this functionality, but it might be good enough for your system.

The big issue would be the use of indexes for the where clause. If there are no indexes on the table, you don't have to worry about it. If there are, you could possibly emulate the behavior with a materialized view:

select t.*from (select t.*      from table t     ) twhere <where clause here>;

Another option is to force the database engine to use the primary key index. You can do this by using a force index hint. The issue is that you need to know the name of the index.