What is the data type for barcodes?
Try to pick the most appropriate data type. If you're using actual product barcodes, a little research indicates that they're likely International Article Numbers.
Since they're really strings of 13 digits, a
char(13) would probably be the most appropriate data type to store this data. Don't just default to
varchar(50) because that's "big enough" - think of the length specification as free validation.
This is called E notation which is a variation of scientific notation. The number in question is an integer, but is abbreviated.
5.06 * 10^12 = 5060190000000
Thus, your value should be stored as an integer large enough to store your number.
Your value should be stored as a varchar long enough to fit the length of potential values.