Converting custom class object into NSData Converting custom class object into NSData ios ios

Converting custom class object into NSData


Here is one simple example for you:

//Custom class.class Person: NSObject, NSCoding {    var name: String!    var age: Int!    required convenience init(coder decoder: NSCoder) {        self.init()        self.name = decoder.decodeObjectForKey("name") as! String        self.age = decoder.decodeObjectForKey("age") as! Int    }    convenience init(name: String, age: Int) {        self.init()        self.name = name        self.age = age    }    func encodeWithCoder(coder: NSCoder) {        if let name = name { coder.encodeObject(name, forKey: "name") }        if let age = age { coder.encodeObject(age, forKey: "age") }    }}//create an instance of your custom class.var newPerson = [Person]()//add some values into custom class.newPerson.append(Person(name: "Leo", age: 45))newPerson.append(Person(name: "Dharmesh", age: 25))//store you class object into NSUserDefaults.let personData = NSKeyedArchiver.archivedDataWithRootObject(newPerson)NSUserDefaults().setObject(personData, forKey: "personData")//get your object from NSUserDefaults.if let loadedData = NSUserDefaults().dataForKey("personData") {    if let loadedPerson = NSKeyedUnarchiver.unarchiveObjectWithData(loadedData) as? [Person] {        loadedPerson[0].name   //"Leo"        loadedPerson[0].age    //45    }}

Tested with playground.

Hope this helps.


This following sample code is based on Richie Rich's answer (see above) and passes tests in this environment:

  • Xcode version 9.1 (9B55)
  • Swift version 4.0.2 (swiftlang-900.0.69.2 clang-900.0.38, Target: x86_64-apple-macosx10.9)
  • MacBook Air (11-inch, Mid 2012) with macOS High Sierra (version 10.13.1)

// Foundation is required to NSObject and NSCodingimport Foundation// A custom class called Person with two properties (a string name and an// integer age), that is a subclass of NSObject and adopts NSCoding protocol.class Person: NSObject, NSCoding {  var name: String!  var age: Int!  // The convenience initializer for class Person  // Reference  // https://developer.apple.com/library/content/documentation/Swift/Conceptual/Swift_Programming_Language/Initialization.html#//apple_ref/doc/uid/TP40014097-CH18-ID217  convenience init(name: String, age: Int) {    // self.init() is the designated initializer for class Person.    // Reference    // https://developer.apple.com/library/content/documentation/Swift/Conceptual/Swift_Programming_Language/Initialization.html#//apple_ref/doc/uid/TP40014097-CH18-ID219    self.init()    self.name = name    self.age = age  }  // The initializer init(coder:) is required by NSCoding protocol  // Reference  // https://developer.apple.com/documentation/foundation/nscoding  // https://developer.apple.com/documentation/foundation/nscoding/1416145-init  required convenience init(coder aDecoder: NSCoder) {    self.init()    // as! is a type casting operator    // Reference    // https://developer.apple.com/library/content/documentation/Swift/Conceptual/Swift_Programming_Language/Expressions.html#//apple_ref/doc/uid/TP40014097-CH32-ID388    self.name = aDecoder.decodeObject(forKey: "name") as! String    self.age = aDecoder.decodeInteger(forKey: "age")  }  // The instance method encode(with:) is required by NSCoding protocol  // Reference  // https://developer.apple.com/documentation/foundation/nscoding  // https://developer.apple.com/documentation/foundation/nscoding/1413933-encode  func encode(with anEncoder: NSCoder) {    if let name = name {      anEncoder.encode(name, forKey: "name")    }    if let age = age {      anEncoder.encode(age, forKey: "age")    }  }}// Create an array (or, generally speaking, a collection) as a container to// hold instances of our custom class type Person.// Reference// https://developer.apple.com/library/content/documentation/Swift/Conceptual/Swift_Programming_Language/CollectionTypes.htmlvar anArrayOfPersons = [Person]()print(anArrayOfPersons.count) // 0// Add two instances into anArrayOfPersons.// Reference// https://developer.apple.com/documentation/swift/array// https://developer.apple.com/documentation/swift/array/1538872-appendanArrayOfPersons.append(Person(name: "Cong", age: 33))anArrayOfPersons.append(Person(name: "Sunny", age: 2))// Archive anArrayOfPersons into NSData using NSKeyedArchiver.// Reference// https://developer.apple.com/documentation/foundation/nskeyedarchiver// https://developer.apple.com/documentation/foundation/nskeyedarchiver/1413189-archiveddatalet dataToSave = NSKeyedArchiver.archivedData(withRootObject: anArrayOfPersons)// Persist data. Storing anArrayOfPersons into UserDefaults as data.// Reference// https://developer.apple.com/documentation/foundation/userdefaults// https://developer.apple.com/documentation/foundation/userdefaults/1414067-setUserDefaults().set(dataToSave, forKey: "tagOfData")// Take our stored data (in previous step) from UserDefaults using the key// "personData". Optional binding is used to make sure the retrieved data is// not nil.// Reference// https://developer.apple.com/documentation/foundation/userdefaults// https://developer.apple.com/documentation/foundation/userdefaults/1409590-data// https://developer.apple.com/library/content/documentation/Swift/Conceptual/Swift_Programming_Language/TheBasics.html#//apple_ref/doc/uid/TP40014097-CH5-ID333if let dataRetrieved = UserDefaults().data(forKey: "tagOfData"),  // Decode our instance objects from the retrieved data  // Reference  // https://developer.apple.com/documentation/foundation/nskeyedunarchiver  // https://developer.apple.com/documentation/foundation/nskeyedunarchiver/1413894-unarchiveobject  let anArrayOfPersonsRetrieved = NSKeyedUnarchiver.unarchiveObject(with: dataRetrieved) as? [Person] {    // See how many bytes the data we retrieved has.    print(dataRetrieved) // 393 bytes    // See if the name and age properties are the same as what we stored.    print(anArrayOfPersonsRetrieved[0].name) // "Cong"    print(anArrayOfPersonsRetrieved[0].age)  // 45    print(anArrayOfPersonsRetrieved[1].name) // "Sunny"    print(anArrayOfPersonsRetrieved[1].age)  // 2  }


This link can help you

It is important your class extend NSObject and NSCoding, because the convert need be its class, NSCoding is an interface to serialize and deserialize your class

Saving custom SWIFT class with NSCoding to UserDefaults


matomo