How to implement didReceiveMemoryWarning in Swift?
Swift uses ARC just like Objective-C does (source to Apple Docs). The same kind of rules apply for freeing memory, remove all of the references to an object and it will be deallocated.
How to free memory
I assume that disposing of resources means setting them to nil, but what exactly are "resources that can be recreated"?
"resources that can be recreated" really depends on your application.
Say you are a social media app that deals with a lot of pictures. You want a snappy user interface so you cache the next 20 pictures in memory to make scrolling fast. Those images are always saved on the local file system.
- Images can take up a lot of memory
- You don't need those images in memory. If the app is low on memory, taking an extra second to load the image from a file is fine.
- You could entirely dump the image cache when you receive that memory warning.
- This will free up memory that the system needs
You are creating an amazing game that has a number of different levels.Loading a level into your fancy game engine takes a while so if the user has enough memory you can load level 3 while they are playing level 2.
- Levels take up a lot of memory
- You don't NEED the next level in memory. They are nice to have but not essential.
LevelCache.sharedCache().nextLevel = nilfrees up all that memory
What shouldn't you deallocate
Never deallocate the stuff that is on screen. I've seen some answers to related questions deallocate the view of the UIViewController. If you remove everything from the screen you might at well crash (in my opinion).
If the user has a document open that they are editing, DON'T deallocate it. Users will get exceptional angry at you if your app deletes their work without ever being saved. (In fact, you should probably have some emergency save mechanism for when that happens)
If your user is writing a post for your fabulous social media app, don't let their work go to waste. Save it and try to restore it when they open the app again. Although it's a lot of work to setup I love apps that do this.
Most modern devices rarely run out of memory. The system does a pretty good job of killing apps in the background to free up memory for the app running in the foreground.You have probably seen an app "open" in the App Switcher yet when you tapped on the app it opened to its initial state. The OS killed the app in the background to free up memory. See State Restoration for info on how to avoid this problem.
If your app is getting consistent memory warnings when you aren't doing a huge amount of processing make sure that you aren't leaking memory first.Detecting memory leaks is outside the scope of this answer. Docs and a tutorial.
didReceiveMemoryWarning is called, it means your app is using too much memory (compare with memory of device), and you should
release any additional memory used by your view controller to reduce the memory of your app. If the memory app gets over the memory of device, iOS will kill your app immediately. "resources that can be recreated" means somethings you can recreate it again at somewhere, you don't need them now (don't need to put them in the memory). And you can release it when get
Here is another detail topic: ios app maximum memory budget