How to send Extra parameters in payload via Amazon SNS Push Notification How to send Extra parameters in payload via Amazon SNS Push Notification ios ios

How to send Extra parameters in payload via Amazon SNS Push Notification


The Amazon SNS documentation is still lacking here, with few pointers on how to format a message to use a custom payload. This FAQ explains how to do it, but doesn't provide an example.

The solution is to publish the notification with the MessageStructure parameter set to json and a Message parameter that is json-encoded, with a key for each transport protocol. There always needs to be a default key too, as a fallback.

This is an example for iOS notifications with a custom payload:

array(    'TargetArn' => $EndpointArn,    'MessageStructure' => 'json',    'Message' => json_encode(array(        'default' => $title,        'APNS' => json_encode(array(            'aps' => array(                'alert' => $title,            ),            // Custom payload parameters can go here            'id' => '123',            's' => 'section'        ))    )));

The same goes for other protocols as well. The format of the json_encoded message must be like this (but you can omit keys if you don't use the transport):

{     "default": "<enter your message here>",     "email": "<enter your message here>",     "sqs": "<enter your message here>",     "http": "<enter your message here>",     "https": "<enter your message here>",     "sms": "<enter your message here>",     "APNS": "{\"aps\":{\"alert\": \"<message>\",\"sound\":\"default\"} }",     "APNS_SANDBOX": "{\"aps\":{\"alert\": \"<message>\",\"sound\":\"default\"} }",     "GCM": "{ \"data\": { \"message\": \"<message>\" } }",     "ADM": "{ \"data\": { \"message\": \"<message>\" } }" }


From a Lambda function (Node.js) the call should be:

exports.handler = function(event, context) {  var params = {    'TargetArn' : $EndpointArn,    'MessageStructure' : 'json',    'Message' : JSON.stringify({      'default' : $title,      'APNS' : JSON.stringify({        'aps' : {           'alert' : $title,          'badge' : '0',          'sound' : 'default'        },        'id' : '123',        's' : 'section',      }),      'APNS_SANDBOX' : JSON.stringify({        'aps' : {           'alert' : $title,          'badge' : '0',          'sound' : 'default'        },        'id' : '123',        's' : 'section',      })    })  };  var sns = new AWS.SNS({apiVersion: '2010-03-31', region: 'us-east-1' });  sns.publish(params, function(err, data) {    if (err) {      // Error      context.fail(err);    }    else {      // Success      context.succeed();    }  });}

You can simplify by specifying only one protocol: APNS or APNS_SANDBOX.


I am too inexperienced to comment here but I would like to draw peoples attention to the nested json_encode. This is important without it the APNS string will not be parsed by Amazon and it will send only the default message value.

I was doing the following:

$message = json_encode(array(   'default'=>$msg,   'APNS'=>array(      'aps'=>array(         'alert'=>$msg,         'sound'=>'default'         ),         'id'=>$id,         'other'=>$other       )     )   );

But this will not work. You MUST json_encode the array under 'APNS' separately as shown in felixdv's answer. Don't ask me why as the outputs look exactly the same in my console log. Although the docs show that the json string under the 'APNS' key should be wrapped in "" so suspect this has something to do with it.

http://docs.aws.amazon.com/sns/latest/dg/mobile-push-send-custommessage.html

Dont be fooled though as the JSON will validate fine without these double quotes.

Also I am not sure about emkman's comment. Without the 'default' key in the above structure being sent to a single endpoint ARN I would receive an error from AWS.

Hope that speeds up someones afternoon.

EDIT

Subsequently cleared up the need to nest the json_encodes - it creates escaped double quotes which despite the docs saying arent required at the API they are for the whole string for GCM and as above the sub array under APNS for apple. This maybe my implementation but its pretty much out of the box using the AWS PHP SDK and was the only way to make it send custom data.


matomo