SecCertificateRef: How to get the certificate information? SecCertificateRef: How to get the certificate information? ios ios

SecCertificateRef: How to get the certificate information?

I couldn't wait for an answer to the bounty, so I found a solution myself. As others said, Security.framework doesn't give you a way to get this information, so you need to ask OpenSSL to parse the certificate data for you:

#import <openssl/x509.h>// ...NSData *certificateData = (NSData *) SecCertificateCopyData(certificate);const unsigned char *certificateDataBytes = (const unsigned char *)[certificateData bytes];X509 *certificateX509 = d2i_X509(NULL, &certificateDataBytes, [certificateData length]);NSString *issuer = CertificateGetIssuerName(certificateX509);NSDate *expiryDate = CertificateGetExpiryDate(certificateX509);

Where CertificateGetIssuerName and CertificateGetExpiryDate are as follows:

static NSString * CertificateGetIssuerName(X509 *certificateX509){    NSString *issuer = nil;    if (certificateX509 != NULL) {        X509_NAME *issuerX509Name = X509_get_issuer_name(certificateX509);        if (issuerX509Name != NULL) {            int nid = OBJ_txt2nid("O"); // organization            int index = X509_NAME_get_index_by_NID(issuerX509Name, nid, -1);            X509_NAME_ENTRY *issuerNameEntry = X509_NAME_get_entry(issuerX509Name, index);            if (issuerNameEntry) {                ASN1_STRING *issuerNameASN1 = X509_NAME_ENTRY_get_data(issuerNameEntry);                if (issuerNameASN1 != NULL) {                    unsigned char *issuerName = ASN1_STRING_data(issuerNameASN1);                    issuer = [NSString stringWithUTF8String:(char *)issuerName];                }            }        }    }    return issuer;}static NSDate *CertificateGetExpiryDate(X509 *certificateX509){    NSDate *expiryDate = nil;    if (certificateX509 != NULL) {        ASN1_TIME *certificateExpiryASN1 = X509_get_notAfter(certificateX509);        if (certificateExpiryASN1 != NULL) {            ASN1_GENERALIZEDTIME *certificateExpiryASN1Generalized = ASN1_TIME_to_generalizedtime(certificateExpiryASN1, NULL);            if (certificateExpiryASN1Generalized != NULL) {                unsigned char *certificateExpiryData = ASN1_STRING_data(certificateExpiryASN1Generalized);                // ASN1 generalized times look like this: "20131114230046Z"                //                                format:  YYYYMMDDHHMMSS                //                               indices:  01234567890123                //                                                   1111                // There are other formats (e.g. specifying partial seconds or                 // time zones) but this is good enough for our purposes since                // we only use the date and not the time.                //                // (Source:                NSString *expiryTimeStr = [NSString stringWithUTF8String:(char *)certificateExpiryData];                NSDateComponents *expiryDateComponents = [[NSDateComponents alloc] init];                expiryDateComponents.year   = [[expiryTimeStr substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(0, 4)] intValue];                expiryDateComponents.month  = [[expiryTimeStr substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(4, 2)] intValue];          = [[expiryTimeStr substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(6, 2)] intValue];                expiryDateComponents.hour   = [[expiryTimeStr substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(8, 2)] intValue];                expiryDateComponents.minute = [[expiryTimeStr substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(10, 2)] intValue];                expiryDateComponents.second = [[expiryTimeStr substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(12, 2)] intValue];                NSCalendar *calendar = [NSCalendar currentCalendar];                expiryDate = [calendar dateFromComponents:expiryDateComponents];                [expiryDateComponents release];            }        }    }    return expiryDate;}

I only actually needed the issuer's organization name and the expiry date for my purposes, so that's all the code I've included below. But, based on this you should be able to figure out the rest by reading the x509.h header file.


Here's how to get the certificate. I haven't put any error handling, etc. You'll want to check trustResult, err, etc., for example.

NSURLAuthenticationChallenge *challenge;SecTrustResultType trustResult;SecTrustRef trust = challenge.protectionSpace.serverTrust;OSStatus err = SecTrustEvaluate(trust, &trustResult);SecCertificateRef certificate = SecGetLeafCertificate(trust); // See Apple docs for implementation of SecGetLeafCertificate

better just use SecCertificateCopyCommonName to get CN to compare to your required hostname.

You were right Michael, iOS won't give you the API to do a full job on a X.509 certificates. Thankfully it will give you access to the actual (ASN.1) encoded certificate data. From there you can do your own decoding (not much fun) or delegate it to an existing library, like you did with OpenSSL.

Here's my version that uses the .NET framework. It's mean to be used by MonoTouch developers (and MonoMac developers too) who needs to interoperate with SecCertificateRef within their applications.

public void Show (SecCertificate sc){    // get the SecCertificate "raw", i.e. ASN.1 encoded, data     byte[] data = sc.DerData.ToArray<byte> ();    // the build the managed X509Certificate2 from it    X509Certificate2 cer = new X509Certificate2 (data);    // to get all properties / methods available in .NET (pretty exhaustive)    Console.WriteLine ("SubjectName: {0}", cer.Subject);    Console.WriteLine ("IssuerName: {0}", cer.Issuer);    Console.WriteLine ("NotBefore: {0}", cer.NotBefore);    Console.WriteLine ("NotAfter: {0}", cer.NotAfter);    Console.WriteLine ("SerialNumber: {0}", cer.SerialNumber);    // ...}