Touchscreen gestures list and names
After two days of search i have found these links:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multi-touch#Multi-touch_gestures - simple gestures
http://blogs.computerworld.com/18672/the_lion_multitouch_gesture_guide - more complex multi-finger gestures on Apple devices
http://medialoot.com/item/40-vector-multitouch-gestures - 40 multitouch gestures
Unfortunately, nothing usable was found in the Apple's patents regarding gestures.
These links may be useful:
Picture with gestures: http://graffletopia.com/stencils/432
Apple's reference with descriptions and videos: http://www.apple.com/osx/what-is/gestures.html
Dan Rodney's list of MacOS X multi-touch gestures: http://www.danrodney.com/mac/multitouch.html
Though this might not help, you can take a look at this:Gesture Coder: A Tool for Programming Multi-Touch Gestures by Demonstration
There's a tutorial that concatenating those articles from iOS developer guide: An iPhone iOS 5 Gesture Recognition Tutorial
These are the related articles in the iOS Developer Library.