How to parse JSON in Java How to parse JSON in Java json json

How to parse JSON in Java

The org.json library is easy to use.

Just remember (while casting or using methods like getJSONObject and getJSONArray) that in JSON notation

  • [ … ] represents an array, so library will parse it to JSONArray
  • { … } represents an object, so library will parse it to JSONObject

Example code below:

import org.json.*;String jsonString = ... ; //assign your JSON String hereJSONObject obj = new JSONObject(jsonString);String pageName = obj.getJSONObject("pageInfo").getString("pageName");JSONArray arr = obj.getJSONArray("posts"); // notice that `"posts": [...]`for (int i = 0; i < arr.length(); i++){    String post_id = arr.getJSONObject(i).getString("post_id");    ......}

You may find more examples from: Parse JSON in Java

Downloadable jar:

For the sake of the example lets assume you have a class Person with just a name.

private class Person {    public String name;    public Person(String name) { = name;    }}

Google GSON (Maven)

My personal favourite as to the great JSON serialisation / de-serialisation of objects.

Gson g = new Gson();Person person = g.fromJson("{\"name\": \"John\"}", Person.class);System.out.println(; //JohnSystem.out.println(g.toJson(person)); // {"name":"John"}


If you want to get a single attribute out you can do it easily with the Google library as well:

JsonObject jsonObject = new JsonParser().parse("{\"name\": \"John\"}").getAsJsonObject();System.out.println(jsonObject.get("name").getAsString()); //John

Org.JSON (Maven)

If you don't need object de-serialisation but to simply get an attribute, you can try org.json (or look GSON example above!)

JSONObject obj = new JSONObject("{\"name\": \"John\"}");System.out.println(obj.getString("name")); //John

Jackson (Maven)

ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();Person user = mapper.readValue("{\"name\": \"John\"}", Person.class);System.out.println(; //John

  1. If one wants to create Java object from JSON and vice versa, use GSON or JACKSON third party jars etc.

    //from object to JSON Gson gson = new Gson();gson.toJson(yourObject);// from JSON to object yourObject o = gson.fromJson(JSONString,yourObject.class);
  2. But if one just want to parse a JSON string and get some values, (OR create a JSON string from scratch to send over wire) just use JaveEE jar which contains JsonReader, JsonArray, JsonObject etc. You may want to download the implementation of that spec like javax.json. With these two jars I am able to parse the json and use the values.

    These APIs actually follow the DOM/SAX parsing model of XML.

    Response response = request.get(); // REST call     JsonReader jsonReader = Json.createReader(new StringReader(response.readEntity(String.class)));    JsonArray jsonArray = jsonReader.readArray();    ListIterator l = jsonArray.listIterator();    while ( l.hasNext() ) {          JsonObject j = (JsonObject);          JsonObject ciAttr = j.getJsonObject("ciAttributes");