Argparse optional positional arguments? Argparse optional positional arguments? python python

Argparse optional positional arguments?

Use nargs='?' (or nargs='*' if you need more than one dir)

parser.add_argument('dir', nargs='?', default=os.getcwd())

extended example:

>>> import os, argparse>>> parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()>>> parser.add_argument('-v', action='store_true')_StoreTrueAction(option_strings=['-v'], dest='v', nargs=0, const=True, default=False, type=None, choices=None, help=None, metavar=None)>>> parser.add_argument('dir', nargs='?', default=os.getcwd())_StoreAction(option_strings=[], dest='dir', nargs='?', const=None, default='/home/vinay', type=None, choices=None, help=None, metavar=None)>>> parser.parse_args('somedir -v'.split())Namespace(dir='somedir', v=True)>>> parser.parse_args('-v'.split())Namespace(dir='/home/vinay', v=True)>>> parser.parse_args(''.split())Namespace(dir='/home/vinay', v=False)>>> parser.parse_args(['somedir'])Namespace(dir='somedir', v=False)>>> parser.parse_args('somedir -h -v'.split())usage: [-h] [-v] [dir]positional arguments:  diroptional arguments:  -h, --help  show this help message and exit  -v

As an extension to @VinaySajip answer. There are additional nargs worth mentioning.

  1. parser.add_argument('dir', nargs=1, default=os.getcwd())

N (an integer). N arguments from the command line will be gathered together into a list

  1. parser.add_argument('dir', nargs='*', default=os.getcwd())

'*'. All command-line arguments present are gathered into a list. Note that it generally doesn't make much sense to have more than one positional argument with nargs='*', but multiple optional arguments with nargs='*' is possible.

  1. parser.add_argument('dir', nargs='+', default=os.getcwd())

'+'. Just like '*', all command-line args present are gathered into a list. Additionally, an error message will be generated if there wasn’t at least one command-line argument present.

  1. parser.add_argument('dir', nargs=argparse.REMAINDER, default=os.getcwd())

argparse.REMAINDER. All the remaining command-line arguments are gathered into a list. This is commonly useful for command line utilities that dispatch to other command line utilities

If the nargs keyword argument is not provided, the number of arguments consumed is determined by the action. Generally this means a single command-line argument will be consumed and a single item (not a list) will be produced.

Edit (copied from a comment by @Acumenus) nargs='?' The docs say: '?'. One argument will be consumed from the command line if possible and produced as a single item. If no command-line argument is present, the value from default will be produced.

parser.add_argument also has a switch required. You can use required=False.Here is a sample snippet with Python 2.7:

parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='get dir')parser.add_argument('--dir', type=str, help='dir', default=os.getcwd(), required=False)args = parser.parse_args()