Difference between exit() and sys.exit() in Python Difference between exit() and sys.exit() in Python python python

Difference between exit() and sys.exit() in Python


exit is a helper for the interactive shell - sys.exit is intended for use in programs.

The site module (which is imported automatically during startup, except if the -S command-line option is given) adds several constants to the built-in namespace (e.g. exit). They are useful for the interactive interpreter shell and should not be used in programs.


Technically, they do mostly the same: raising SystemExit. sys.exit does so in sysmodule.c:

static PyObject *sys_exit(PyObject *self, PyObject *args){    PyObject *exit_code = 0;    if (!PyArg_UnpackTuple(args, "exit", 0, 1, &exit_code))        return NULL;    /* Raise SystemExit so callers may catch it or clean up. */    PyErr_SetObject(PyExc_SystemExit, exit_code);   return NULL;}

While exit is defined in site.py and _sitebuiltins.py, respectively.

class Quitter(object):    def __init__(self, name):        self.name = name    def __repr__(self):        return 'Use %s() or %s to exit' % (self.name, eof)    def __call__(self, code=None):        # Shells like IDLE catch the SystemExit, but listen when their        # stdin wrapper is closed.        try:            sys.stdin.close()        except:            pass        raise SystemExit(code)__builtin__.quit = Quitter('quit')__builtin__.exit = Quitter('exit')

Note that there is a third exit option, namely os._exit, which exits without calling cleanup handlers, flushing stdio buffers, etc. (and which should normally only be used in the child process after a fork()).


If I use exit() in a code and run it in the shell, it shows a message asking whether I want to kill the program or not. It's really disturbing.See here

But sys.exit() is better in this case. It closes the program and doesn't create any dialogue box.


matomo