How do I create variable variables? How do I create variable variables? python python

How do I create variable variables?


You can use dictionaries to accomplish this. Dictionaries are stores of keys and values.

>>> dct = {'x': 1, 'y': 2, 'z': 3}>>> dct{'y': 2, 'x': 1, 'z': 3}>>> dct["y"]2

You can use variable key names to achieve the effect of variable variables without the security risk.

>>> x = "spam">>> z = {x: "eggs"}>>> z["spam"]'eggs'

For cases where you're thinking of doing something like

var1 = 'foo'var2 = 'bar'var3 = 'baz'...

a list may be more appropriate than a dict. A list represents an ordered sequence of objects, with integer indices:

lst = ['foo', 'bar', 'baz']print(lst[1])           # prints bar, because indices start at 0lst.append('potatoes')  # lst is now ['foo', 'bar', 'baz', 'potatoes']

For ordered sequences, lists are more convenient than dicts with integer keys, because lists support iteration in index order, slicing, append, and other operations that would require awkward key management with a dict.


Use the built-in getattr function to get an attribute on an object by name. Modify the name as needed.

obj.spam = 'eggs'name = 'spam'getattr(obj, name)  # returns 'eggs'


It's not a good idea. If you are accessing a global variable you can use globals().

>>> a = 10>>> globals()['a']10

If you want to access a variable in the local scope you can use locals(), but you cannot assign values to the returned dict.

A better solution is to use getattr or store your variables in a dictionary and then access them by name.


matomo