How do I look inside a Python object? How do I look inside a Python object? python python

How do I look inside a Python object?


Python has a strong set of introspection features.

Take a look at the following built-in functions:

type() and dir() are particularly useful for inspecting the type of an object and its set of attributes, respectively.


I'm surprised no one's mentioned help yet!

In [1]: def foo():   ...:     "foo!"   ...:In [2]: help(foo)Help on function foo in module __main__:foo()    foo!

Help lets you read the docstring and get an idea of what attributes a class might have, which is pretty helpful.


matomo