How do I parse a string to a float or int? How do I parse a string to a float or int? python python

How do I parse a string to a float or int?


>>> a = "545.2222">>> float(a)545.22220000000004>>> int(float(a))545


def num(s):    try:        return int(s)    except ValueError:        return float(s)


Python method to check if a string is a float:

def is_float(value):  try:    float(value)    return True  except:    return False

A longer and more accurate name for this function could be: is_convertible_to_float(value)

What is, and is not a float in Python may surprise you:

val                   is_float(val) Note--------------------  ----------   --------------------------------""                    False        Blank string"127"                 True         Passed stringTrue                  True         Pure sweet Truth"True"                False        Vile contemptible lieFalse                 True         So false it becomes true"123.456"             True         Decimal"      -127    "      True         Spaces trimmed"\t\n12\r\n"          True         whitespace ignored"NaN"                 True         Not a number"NaNanananaBATMAN"    False        I am Batman"-iNF"                True         Negative infinity"123.E4"              True         Exponential notation".1"                  True         mantissa only"1,234"               False        Commas gtfou'\x30'               True         Unicode is fine."NULL"                False        Null is not special0x3fade               True         Hexadecimal"6e7777777777777"     True         Shrunk to infinity"1.797693e+308"       True         This is max value"infinity"            True         Same as inf"infinityandBEYOND"   False        Extra characters wreck it"12.34.56"            False        Only one dot allowedu'四'                 False        Japanese '4' is not a float."#56"                 False        Pound sign"56%"                 False        Percent of what?"0E0"                 True         Exponential, move dot 0 places0**0                  True         0___0  Exponentiation"-5e-5"               True         Raise to a negative number"+1e1"                True         Plus is OK with exponent"+1e1^5"              False        Fancy exponent not interpreted"+1e1.3"              False        No decimals in exponent"-+1"                 False        Make up your mind"(1)"                 False        Parenthesis is bad

You think you know what numbers are? You are not so good as you think! Not big surprise.

Don't use this code on life-critical software!

Catching broad exceptions this way, killing canaries and gobbling the exception creates a tiny chance that a valid float as string will return false. The float(...) line of code can failed for any of a thousand reasons that have nothing to do with the contents of the string. But if you're writing life-critical software in a duck-typing prototype language like Python, then you've got much larger problems.


matomo