How do I run all Python unit tests in a directory? How do I run all Python unit tests in a directory? python python

How do I run all Python unit tests in a directory?


With Python 2.7 and higher you don't have to write new code or use third-party tools to do this; recursive test execution via the command line is built-in. Put an __init__.py in your test directory and:

python -m unittest discover <test_directory># orpython -m unittest discover -s <directory> -p '*_test.py'

You can read more in the python 2.7or python 3.x unittest documentation.


Update for 2021:

Lots of modern python projects use more advanced tools like pytest. For example, pull down matplotlib or scikit-learn and you will see they both use it.

It is important to know about these newer tools because when you have more than 7000 tests you need:

  • more advanced ways to summarize what passes, skipped, warnings, errors
  • easy ways to see how they failed
  • percent complete as it is running
  • total run time
  • ways to generate a test report
  • etc etc


In python 3, if you're using unittest.TestCase:

  • You must have an empty (or otherwise) __init__.py file in your test directory (must be named test/)
  • Your test files inside test/ match the pattern test_*.py. They can be inside a subdirectory under test/, and those subdirs can be named as anything.

Then, you can run all the tests with:

python -m unittest

Done! A solution less than 100 lines. Hopefully another python beginner saves time by finding this.


You could use a test runner that would do this for you. nose is very good for example. When run, it will find tests in the current tree and run them.

Updated:

Here's some code from my pre-nose days. You probably don't want the explicit list of module names, but maybe the rest will be useful to you.

testmodules = [    'cogapp.test_makefiles',    'cogapp.test_whiteutils',    'cogapp.test_cogapp',    ]suite = unittest.TestSuite()for t in testmodules:    try:        # If the module defines a suite() function, call it to get the suite.        mod = __import__(t, globals(), locals(), ['suite'])        suitefn = getattr(mod, 'suite')        suite.addTest(suitefn())    except (ImportError, AttributeError):        # else, just load all the test cases from the module.        suite.addTest(unittest.defaultTestLoader.loadTestsFromName(t))unittest.TextTestRunner().run(suite)


matomo