How do you get the logical xor of two variables in Python? How do you get the logical xor of two variables in Python? python python

How do you get the logical xor of two variables in Python?


If you're already normalizing the inputs to booleans, then != is xor.

bool(a) != bool(b)


You can always use the definition of xor to compute it from other logical operations:

(a and not b) or (not a and b)

But this is a little too verbose for me, and isn't particularly clear at first glance. Another way to do it is:

bool(a) ^ bool(b)

The xor operator on two booleans is logical xor (unlike on ints, where it's bitwise). Which makes sense, since bool is just a subclass of int, but is implemented to only have the values 0 and 1. And logical xor is equivalent to bitwise xor when the domain is restricted to 0 and 1.

So the logical_xor function would be implemented like:

def logical_xor(str1, str2):    return bool(str1) ^ bool(str2)

Credit to Nick Coghlan on the Python-3000 mailing list.


Bitwise exclusive-or is already built-in to Python, in the operator module (which is identical to the ^ operator):

from operator import xorxor(bool(a), bool(b))  # Note: converting to bools is essential


matomo