How to sort a list of strings? How to sort a list of strings? python python

How to sort a list of strings?

Basic answer:

mylist = ["b", "C", "A"]mylist.sort()

This modifies your original list (i.e. sorts in-place). To get a sorted copy of the list, without changing the original, use the sorted() function:

for x in sorted(mylist):    print x

However, the examples above are a bit naive, because they don't take locale into account, and perform a case-sensitive sorting. You can take advantage of the optional parameter key to specify custom sorting order (the alternative, using cmp, is a deprecated solution, as it has to be evaluated multiple times - key is only computed once per element).

So, to sort according to the current locale, taking language-specific rules into account (cmp_to_key is a helper function from functools):

sorted(mylist, key=cmp_to_key(locale.strcoll))

And finally, if you need, you can specify a custom locale for sorting:

import localelocale.setlocale(locale.LC_ALL, 'en_US.UTF-8') # vary depending on your lang/localeassert sorted((u'Ab', u'ad', u'aa'),  key=cmp_to_key(locale.strcoll)) == [u'aa', u'Ab', u'ad']

Last note: you will see examples of case-insensitive sorting which use the lower() method - those are incorrect, because they work only for the ASCII subset of characters. Those two are wrong for any non-English data:

# this is incorrect!mylist.sort(key=lambda x: x.lower())# alternative notation, a bit faster, but still wrongmylist.sort(key=str.lower)

It is also worth noting the sorted() function:

for x in sorted(list):    print x

This returns a new, sorted version of a list without changing the original list.


It really is that simple :)