input() error - NameError: name '...' is not defined input() error - NameError: name '...' is not defined python python

input() error - NameError: name '...' is not defined


input function in Python 2.7, evaluates whatever your enter, as a Python expression. If you simply want to read strings, then use raw_input function in Python 2.7, which will not evaluate the read strings.

If you are using Python 3.x, raw_input has been renamed to input. Quoting the Python 3.0 release notes,

raw_input() was renamed to input(). That is, the new input() function reads a line from sys.stdin and returns it with the trailing newline stripped. It raises EOFError if the input is terminated prematurely. To get the old behavior of input(), use eval(input())

In Python 2.7, there are two functions which can be used to accept user inputs. One is input and the other one is raw_input. You can think of the relation between them as follows

input = eval(raw_input)

Consider the following piece of code to understand this better

>>> dude = "thefourtheye">>> input_variable = input("Enter your name: ")Enter your name: dude>>> input_variable'thefourtheye'

input accepts a string from the user and evaluates the string in the current Python context. When I type dude as input, it finds that dude is bound to the value thefourtheye and so the result of evaluation becomes thefourtheye and that gets assigned to input_variable.

If I enter something else which is not there in the current python context, it will fail will the NameError.

>>> input("Enter your name: ")Enter your name: dummyTraceback (most recent call last):  File "<input>", line 1, in <module>  File "<string>", line 1, in <module>NameError: name 'dummy' is not defined

Security considerations with Python 2.7's input:

Since whatever user types is evaluated, it imposes security issues as well. For example, if you have already loaded os module in your program with import os, and then the user types in


this will be evaluated as a function call expression by python and it will be executed. If you are executing Python with elevated privileges, /etc/hosts file will be deleted. See, how dangerous it could be?

To demonstrate this, let's try to execute input function again.

>>> dude = "thefourtheye">>> input("Enter your name: ")Enter your name: input("Enter your name again: ")Enter your name again: dude

Now, when input("Enter your name: ") is executed, it waits for the user input and the user input is a valid Python function invocation and so that is also invoked. That is why we are seeing Enter your name again: prompt again.

So, you are better off with raw_input function, like this

input_variable = raw_input("Enter your name: ")

If you need to convert the result to some other type, then you can use appropriate functions to convert the string returned by raw_input. For example, to read inputs as integers, use the int function, like shown in this answer.

In python 3.x, there is only one function to get user inputs and that is called input, which is equivalent to Python 2.7's raw_input.

You are running Python 2, not Python 3. For this to work in Python 2, use raw_input.

input_variable = raw_input ("Enter your name: ")print ("your name is" + input_variable)

Since you are writing for Python 3.x, you'll want to begin your script with:

#!/usr/bin/env python3

If you use:

#!/usr/bin/env python

It will default to Python 2.x. These go on the first line of your script, if there is nothing that starts with #! (aka the shebang).

If your scripts just start with:

#! python

Then you can change it to:

#! python3

Although this shorter formatting is only recognized by a few programs, such as the launcher, so it is not the best choice.

The first two examples are much more widely used and will help ensure your code will work on any machine that has Python installed.