Most pythonic way to delete a file which may not exist
A more pythonic way would be:
try: os.remove(filename)except OSError: pass
Although this takes even more lines and looks very ugly, it avoids the unnecessary call to
os.path.exists() and follows the python convention of overusing exceptions.
It may be worthwhile to write a function to do this for you:
import os, errnodef silentremove(filename): try: os.remove(filename) except OSError as e: # this would be "except OSError, e:" before Python 2.6 if e.errno != errno.ENOENT: # errno.ENOENT = no such file or directory raise # re-raise exception if a different error occurred
I prefer to suppress an exception rather than checking for the file's existence, to avoid a TOCTTOU bug. Matt's answer is a good example of this, but we can simplify it slightly under Python 3, using
import contextlibwith contextlib.suppress(FileNotFoundError): os.remove(filename)
filename is a
pathlib.Path object instead of a string, we can call its
.unlink() method instead of using
os.remove(). In my experience, Path objects are more useful than strings for filesystem manipulation.
Since everything in this answer is exclusive to Python 3, it provides yet another reason to upgrade.
True for folders as well as files. Consider using
os.path.isfile to check for whether the file exists instead.