Storing Python dictionaries Storing Python dictionaries python python

Storing Python dictionaries

Pickle save:

try:    import cPickle as pickleexcept ImportError:  # Python 3.x    import picklewith open('data.p', 'wb') as fp:    pickle.dump(data, fp, protocol=pickle.HIGHEST_PROTOCOL)

See the pickle module documentation for additional information regarding the protocol argument.

Pickle load:

with open('data.p', 'rb') as fp:    data = pickle.load(fp)

JSON save:

import jsonwith open('data.json', 'w') as fp:    json.dump(data, fp)

Supply extra arguments, like sort_keys or indent, to get a pretty result. The argument sort_keys will sort the keys alphabetically and indent will indent your data structure with indent=N spaces.

json.dump(data, fp, sort_keys=True, indent=4)

JSON load:

with open('data.json', 'r') as fp:    data = json.load(fp)

Minimal example, writing directly to a file:

import jsonjson.dump(data, open(filename, 'wb'))data = json.load(open(filename))

or safely opening / closing:

import jsonwith open(filename, 'wb') as outfile:    json.dump(data, outfile)with open(filename) as infile:    data = json.load(infile)

If you want to save it in a string instead of a file:

import jsonjson_str = json.dumps(data)data = json.loads(json_str)

Also see the speeded-up package ujson:

import ujsonwith open('data.json', 'wb') as fp:    ujson.dump(data, fp)