What is the purpose of "pip install --user ..."? What is the purpose of "pip install --user ..."? python python

What is the purpose of "pip install --user ..."?


pip defaults to installing Python packages to a system directory (such as /usr/local/lib/python3.4). This requires root access.

--user makes pip install packages in your home directory instead, which doesn't require any special privileges.


--user installs in site.USER_SITE.

For my case, it was /Users/.../Library/Python/2.7/bin. So I have added that to my PATH (in ~/.bash_profile file):

export PATH=$PATH:/Users/.../Library/Python/2.7/bin


Just a warning:

According to this issue, --user is currently not valid inside a virtual env's pip, since a user location doesn't really make sense for a virtual environment.

So do not use pip install --user some_pkg inside a virtual environment, otherwise, virtual environment's pip will be confused. See this answer for more details.


matomo