What is the purpose of "pip install --user ..."?
pip defaults to installing Python packages to a system directory (such as
/usr/local/lib/python3.4). This requires root access.
--user makes pip install packages in your home directory instead, which doesn't require any special privileges.
--user installs in
For my case, it was
/Users/.../Library/Python/2.7/bin. So I have added that to my PATH (in
Just a warning:
According to this issue,
--user is currently not valid inside a virtual env's
pip, since a user location doesn't really make sense for a virtual environment.
So do not use
pip install --user some_pkg inside a virtual environment, otherwise, virtual environment's
pip will be confused. See this answer for more details.