Using logging in multiple modules Using logging in multiple modules python python

Using logging in multiple modules


Best practice is, in each module, to have a logger defined like this:

import logginglogger = logging.getLogger(__name__)

near the top of the module, and then in other code in the module do e.g.

logger.debug('My message with %s', 'variable data')

If you need to subdivide logging activity inside a module, use e.g.

loggerA = logging.getLogger(__name__ + '.A')loggerB = logging.getLogger(__name__ + '.B')

and log to loggerA and loggerB as appropriate.

In your main program or programs, do e.g.:

def main():    "your program code"if __name__ == '__main__':    import logging.config    logging.config.fileConfig('/path/to/logging.conf')    main()

or

def main():    import logging.config    logging.config.fileConfig('/path/to/logging.conf')    # your program codeif __name__ == '__main__':    main()

See here for logging from multiple modules, and here for logging configuration for code which will be used as a library module by other code.

Update: When calling fileConfig(), you may want to specify disable_existing_loggers=False if you're using Python 2.6 or later (see the docs for more information). The default value is True for backward compatibility, which causes all existing loggers to be disabled by fileConfig() unless they or their ancestor are explicitly named in the configuration. With the value set to False, existing loggers are left alone. If using Python 2.7/Python 3.2 or later, you may wish to consider the dictConfig() API which is better than fileConfig() as it gives more control over the configuration.


Actually every logger is a child of the parent's package logger (i.e. package.subpackage.module inherits configuration from package.subpackage), so all you need to do is just to configure the root logger. This can be achieved by logging.config.fileConfig (your own config for loggers) or logging.basicConfig (sets the root logger). Setup logging in your entry module (__main__.py or whatever you want to run, for example main_script.py. __init__.py works as well)

using basicConfig:

# package/__main__.pyimport loggingimport syslogging.basicConfig(stream=sys.stdout, level=logging.INFO)

using fileConfig:

# package/__main__.pyimport loggingimport logging.configlogging.config.fileConfig('logging.conf')

and then create every logger using:

# package/submodule.py# or# package/subpackage/submodule.pyimport logginglog = logging.getLogger(__name__)log.info("Hello logging!")

For more information see Advanced Logging Tutorial.


A simple way of using one instance of logging library in multiple modules for me was following solution:

base_logger.py

import logginglogger = logginglogger.basicConfig(format='%(asctime)s - %(message)s', level=logging.INFO)

Other files

from base_logger import loggerif __name__ == '__main__':    logger.info("This is an info message")


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